Tourist Places in Shivamogga (Karnataka) – vijayanagara empire

Vijayanagara Sémréjyamu, referred as the Kingdom of Bisnaga by the Portuguese, was a South Indian empire based in the Deccan Plateau. Established in 1336 by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I.[1] The empire rose to prominence as a culmination of attempts by the southern powers against Islamic invasions by the end of the 13th century.[2] It lasted until 1646 although its power declined after a major military defeat in 1565 by the Deccan sultanates. The empire is named after its capital city of Vijayanagara, whose impressive ruins surround modern Hampi, now a World Heritage Site in modern Karnataka, India. The writings of medieval European travelers such as Domingo Paes, Fernéo Nunes[3] and Niccolo Da Conti and the literature in local vernaculars provide crucial information about its  history. Archaeological excavations at Vijayanagara have revealed the empire’s power and wealth.

The empire’s legacy  includes many monuments  spread over South  India,  the  best  known  being  the  group  at  Hampi.  The previous temple building traditions in South India came together in the Vijayanagara Architecture style. The mingling of all faiths and vernaculars  inspired architectural  innovation of Hindu temple construction, first in the Deccan and later in the Dravidian idioms using  the   local  granite.   Secular   royal  structures   show  the influence of the Northern Deccan Sultanate architecture. Efficient administration   and   vigorous   overseas   trade   brought   new technologies like water management systems for irrigation. The empire’s patronage enabled fine arts and literature to reach new heights in the languages of Kannada, Telugu, Tamil and Sanskrit, while   Carnatic   music   evolved   into   its   current   form.   The Vijayanagara Empire created an epoch in South Indian history that transcended regionalism by promoting Hinduism  as  a unifying factor.

See also  Tourist Places in Thanjavur (Tamil Nadu) – Tirukannamangai temple thanjavur
Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *